FluoroMate FS-2

Fluorescence Spectroscopy Systems from SCINCO

FluoroMate FS-2The FS-2 fluorescence spectrometer is an award-winning (Jang Young Shil Awards) spectrofluorometer from SCINCO.  It is one of the most sensitive and accurate spectrofluorometer of its kind. With a sensitivity of 4000:1 (RMS Raman), detection limit of ~50 fM Fluorescein, high resolution of 0.5nm spectral bandwidth, the FS-2 is designed for both routine lab analysis and advanced research projects. The powerful yet user-friendly software as well as many accommodating accessories guarantee it will be able to meet the demands of customers across all fields. From measuring excitation/ emission spectra, synchronous scan, to identifying multiple components within a sample, FluoroMate FS-2 is widely used to characterize luminescent molecules not only by quantification and/or qualification measurements, but also in analyzing the structure of macromolecule, bind between molecules, reaction in solution, distance between molecules, et al.

Outstanding Features

  • Smart optical design: concave gratings and horizontal beam geometry eliminate optical aberrations and greatly enhance the throughput and light collection efficiency
  • Integrated, bench-top, compact design: easy to operate, ideal for multi-user environment
  • Preprogrammed system validation protocols
  • Powerful, well-designed 3D graphics software: allows simultaneous excitation and emission spectra (EEM) and contour mapping
Excitation Light Source: 150W continuous Xenon-Arc lamp. (Fluctuation of lamp power < 1%)
Wavelength Selection:  Two Czerny-Turner monochromators:

  • Focal Length: 200mm
  • Grating: 1200 groove/mm Holographic grating
    • Low stray light
    • 250nm blazed for excitation
    • 400nm blazed for emission
  • Slew speed: 20,000 nm/min
  • Robust worm gear motor drive for exceptional repeatability
  • Wavelength Accuracy: ≤ ±0.5nm
  • Wavelength Reproducibility: ≤ ±0.2nm
Slits: Six fixed Spectra bandwidths (SBW): 0.5, 1, 2.5, 5, 10, 20 nm. Software controlled.
Sample Compartment:
  • Spacious Sample compartment with easy to exchange front panel
  • Allows easy installation of many accessories
  • Temperature control units
  • Cryostat
  • Multiple sample holder
  • Stopped flow
  • Solid/ powder sample holder
  • Polarizer
  • et al.
  • For Spectrum Measurements:
    • Red-sensitive PMT
    • Wavelength Range: 190 ~ 900 nm
  • For Reference: Photodiode
Powerful user-friendly Software
  • Wave Scan Mode
    • Measure emission, excitation or synchronous spectra
    • Analyze spectral data with a full suite of tools
    • Use precise spectral data for examining photophysical properties of molecules, conformational changes, fluorescence anisotropy or determining quantum yields
    • Measure phosphorescence and luminescence
  • Time Scan Mode
    • Acquire kinetics data with 20 microsecond resolution
    • Calculation methods for determining reaction rates, reaction mechanism and enzyme activity
  • 3D Scan Mode
    • Powerful 3D graphics mode for simultaneous analysis of excitation and emission spectra (EEM)
    • Use contour plots and data analysis tools for demanding compound identification applications
  • Quantification Mode
    • Easy-to-use mode for measuring fluorescence standards
    • Fit calibration data with linear or 2nd and 3rd order polynomials
    • Automatic calculation of sample concentration
  • Simple Read Mode
    • Quick measurement at the single wavelength
  • Thermal Mode:
    • Uses precise Peltier Temperature control for temperature-based kinetic scan
    • Use Thermal Mode for denaturation experiments such as DNA melting and protein unfolding experiments
  • Scanning Kinetics Mode:
    • 3D graphics mode for simultaneous analysis of excitation or emission spectra over time
    • Automated peak picking options and spectra extraction from 3D to 2D chart
  • Anisotropy Mode:
    • Uses the Auto or Manual Polarizer for acquiring fluorescence anisotropy and polarization
    • Use the anisotropy data for examining molecular interactions
  • Scanning Anisotropy Mode:
    • Scanning Fluorescence Anisotropy/ Polarization at the selected wavelength range for examining molecular characteristics
    • Intuitive excitation or emission spectra of anisotropy and polarization
  • Fast Filter Mode:
    • Uses the Fast Filter accessory for acquiring fast ratiometric data
    • Automatic calculation of intracellular ion concentration (Ca2+. Mg2+, etc).
    • Measuring Time-based Polarization
  • System Validation:
    • Support 4Q documentation such as Design (DQ), Installation (IQ), Operation (OQ) and Performance (PQ)
    • Offer preprogrammed methods for verifying instrument performance according to pharmacopoeia requirements
    • Available methods are excitation/emission wavelength accuracy, excitation/emission wavelength reproducibility and sensitivity tests
  •  Security:
    • FDA 21 CFR Part 11 compliance
      • Based on Windows XP Professional, Windows 7 (professional, Ultimate, Enterprise)
      • Support electronic record and electronic signature
  •  Diagnostics:
    • Built-in tests allow you to monitor general instrument performance
    • Check the operational status of main board, slits, filters, monochromators, monitoring sensor, shutter, lamp and PMT detector


Light Source: Continuous wave Xenon-Arc lamp, 150W
Detector: Photodiode for Reference, Red-sensitive PMT for spectrum measurements
Wavelength range: 190 ~ 900 nm
Wavelength Accuracy: ≤ ±0.5nm
Wavelength Reproducibility: ≤ ±0.2nm
Wavelength Slew speed: 20,000 nm/min
Wavelength Scan Speed: 1- 6,000 nm/min

Better than 1000:1 (Peak to Peak)

Better than 4000:1 (RMS)

*  Water Raman, 10nm spectra bandwidth

Monochromators: 1200 groove/mm, 250nm blazed for excitation, 400nm blazed for emission
Minimal Resolution: 0.5 nm
Slit width: 0.5, 1, 2.5, 5, 10, 20 nm. Software controlled
Minimal Data Interval: 0.1nm
Operation System: Windows XP, Windows 7, Windows 8 compatible
Communication: RS-232 (or USB to RS-232 Converter)
Government Regulations:

UL, CE and FCC compliance.

Optional FDA compliance

Dimensions: 62 x 73 x 31 cm (W x D x H)
Weight: 53kg
Power Requirements: 100-240V AC, 50/60HZ

Specifications are subject to change without notification


Fluorescence Single Cell Holder (Standard)

  • Included with FS-2 as standard
  • Compatible with the Magnetic Stirrer Assembly


 Thermostatted Fluorescence Single Cell Holder

  • For standard 10 mm rectangular cells
  • Controls the temperature by water circulation
  • Compatible with the Magnetic Stirrer Assembly


Fluorescence Microcell Holder

  • Suitable design for the Microcells
  • Minimal volume of sample:10 μL
  • Adjustable cell holder position (8.5 ~ 15 mm Z height of the cells)
  • Easy microcell alignment and adjustment without any tools

Luminescence Single Cell Holder

  • Optimal design for luminescence measurement
  • Adjustable cell holder position (15 mm y-axis width)

Fluorescence Single Cell with stirring

  • Suitable size for the standard cells.
  • Magnetic stirring can be accommodated

IR Laser Cell Holder

4-Position Fluorescence Cell Holder

  • Thermostatted 4-Position Fluorescence Cell Holder
  • Controls the temperature by water circulation
  • Compatible with a Magnetic Stirrer Assembly
  • Temperature range:
    • -25 to 150°C with Refrigerated Circulator
    • 40 to 150°C with Circulator

Multi-Cell and Single Cell Peltier Temperature Control

  • Peltier Fluorescence Single Cell Holder
  • Peltier 4-Position Fluorescence Cell Holder
    • Temperature Range: -10 to 100°C
    • Sample temperature monitoring with temperature probes
      • Two probes included
      • Temperature Probe Accuracy : ±0.15 ℃
    • Full software control of temperature and stirring
    • Coolant cooling system
    • N2 gas purge available
    • Multi Step Ramping and Ramping Rate Control available
    • Support Melting Temperature Calculation Function
    • Stirrer Controllers
      • Magnetic Stirrer – Manual Type
      • Stir speeds from 130 to 1,000 rpm
    • Control unit rated at 7 Watts
    • Ideal for small to medium stirring volumes of low-viscosity liquids

Magnetic Stirrer – Automatic Type

  • Stir speeds from 130 to 1,400 rpm
  • Control unit rated at 20 Watts
  • Four power settings
  • Timed stirring from 5 seconds to 60 minutes
  • Pause time from 2 seconds to 10 minutes

Add Stirring to Accessories: Use a Stir Controller to add stirring to:

  • Fluorescence Single Cell Holder (Standard)
  • Thermostatted Fluorescence Single Cell Holder
  • 4-Position Fluorescence Cell Holder
  • Thermostatted 4-Position Fluorescence Cell Holder

Auto Sipper Accessory

  • For simplifying the repeating
  • Suitable flow cell
  • Full software control (2 ~ 160 rpm)

Rapid Mixing Accessory (Stopped Flow)

  • Two reactant solutions are rapidly mixed by being forced into a mixing chamber, and then through an observation cell
  • For monitoring fast kinetics reactions in solution by stopped-flow technique
  • Dead time : 8 ms
  • Optical Pathlength : 2 mm and 10 mm
  • Vol./Shot/ Reagent : 20㎕
  • Ratio mixing : up to 10:1 by using different sized syringes

FL Solid Sampling Accessory

  • Used for measuring the fluorescence of various shape / size of Powder, Film, Paper, Plastic, High concentration solution sample (Max thickness : 170 mm, Max diameter : 400 mm)
  • Precision Cell is used for powder sample

Variable Angle Solid Sample Holder (NEW)

  • Used for measuring the fluorescence of various shape / size of Powder, Film, Paper, Plastic sample
  • Easy to find suitable sampling point
  • Rotating 360 degrees
  • Measurement Angle range : 30° ~ 70°
  • Accommodates samples up to 125mm thick

Peltier Powder Sampling Accessory

  • Designed for temperature controlled fluorescence measurement for powders
  • Control Range : Amb. to 100℃
  • Temperature Probe Accuracy : ± 2℃
  • Display Range : 0.1℃
  • Required Power volume : 0.88 ㎣

Fiber Optic Probe Accessory

  • Used for liquid, solid and powder measurement
  • Wavelength Range : 300 ~ 1100 nm
    • UV/VIS: 300 ~ 900 nm
    • VIS: 400 ~ 900 nm
  • Long immersing probe length (up to 70 mm)
  • Remote control for measurement

Polarizer Accessories

  • Glan-Thompson cubic type polarizer:
    • UV-Vis: 250 ~ 2300 nm
  • Film type polarizer
    • For UV: 320 ~ 400 nm
    • For Visible: 400 ~ 700 nm

Fast Filter Accessory

  • Maximum 4 sets of Filters Available
  • Minimum Interval Time for Ratio Mode : 150 ms
  • Minimum Interval Time for Time-based Polarization Mode: 4 s

Integration Sphere:

  • 100mm in diameter
  • Emission wavelength range: 200-800 nm
  • Suitable Samples: Powder, Liquid

Automated Cryostat Accessory from Unisoku: Settable temperature range is from -80 °C (-180°C Conditional) to 100 °C

  • Flow control of liquid nitrogen by an automatic valve
  • Accuracy : ± 1 °C or set up temperature ± 0.5 %, whichever larger
  • Consist of : CoolSpeK main body, Temperature Controller, Liquid Nitrogen Reservoir (2 Liters), Cuvette cell


With the high sensitivity, high resolution, easy to use hardware and software design, FS-2’s exceptional performance guarantee it will meet the demands for both research and routine lab analysis, for a wide range of applications.

Material Sciences

The FS-2 has been for years the No. 1 choice for Korean researchers who apply Photoluminescence in Materials Science, despite the abundance of inexpensive offerings          from their competitors. Besides the outstanding features, FS-2 is an outstanding instrument for Materials Science application:

  • Employs the best methodology for absolute PLQY determination with integrating sphere using the De Mello’s method. The integrating sphere is designed for in-beam and out-of-beam measurements which ensure accurate PLQY results. Most PL instruments do not account for secondary absorption and emission which renders their PLQY results inaccurate
  • Solid / power sample holders:  to accommodate powder, granualar or solid samples from thin films to several cm thick. Variable angle (0-360°) solid sample holder for solids as well as for front-face illumination of liquid samples
  • Phosphorescence lifetime capability: from 20 microseconds (no extra accessory required)  – ideal for lanthanide-based materials and phosphors
  • 3D graphics software for simultaneous excitation and emission spectra (EEM) and contour mapping – an indispensable tool in characterization of luminescent materials, especially doped lanthanides nanoparticles.
  • Preprogrammed system validation protocols make it an ideal choice for QC of photoluminescent devices

    FS-2 has been widely used in:

  • Analysis of fluorescence character of organic, inorganic fluorescent material
  • Develop versatile materials using quantum dot
  • Study of the excitation and emission spectrum of OLED and high intensity fluorescence for inorganic plasma display panel and vacuum fluorescence display
  • Photoluminescence Spectrometer for Materials Science from SCINCO

 Life sciences:

  • Basic biological reaction research
  • Amino Acid sequence analysis
  • Investigation on interaction about in vivo protein, DNA, RNA using FRET and BRET
  • Study on in vivo protein, nucleic acid structure and concentration
  • Enzyme Activity assay
  • Intracellular Ion concentration


  • Analysis on the structural information of chromosome
  • In vivo mechanism and concentration distribution trace of antibiotic
  • Morphological research of the virus

Analytical chemistry

  • Identification and detection of fluorescence materials
  • Characteristic verification in the excited state
  • Analysis of chemical reaction
  • Measurement of quantum yield and phosphorescence lifetime

Environment Sciences

  • Quantification of fluorescence whitening agent
  • High-sensitive detection and distinction of organic and inorganic toxic materials in the air, water, soil, etc
  • Distribution analysis of organic compounds in the water


  • Check food quality and nutrient conditions in the agriculture and food industries
  • Qualify the spreading condition of paint, polymer, fluorescence brightening agents, etc.
  • Characterize the crude oil.
  • Et al.
  • Zhang, Z., Zhang, M., Wu, X.-y., Chang, Z., Lee, Y.-I., Huy, B.T., Sakthivel, K., Liu, J.-f. and Jiang, G.-b. (2016) Upconversion fluorescence resonance energy transfer-a novel approach for sensitive detection of fluoroquinolones in water samples. Microchemical Journal, 124, 181-187.
  • Sun, Q., Sun, D., Song, L., Chen, Z., Chen, Z., Zhang, W. and Qian, J. (2016) Highly Selective Fluorescent Turn-On Probe for Protein Thiols in Biotin Receptor-Positive Cancer Cells. Anal. Chem., 88, 3400-3405.
  • Shkir, M., Yahia, I.S., AlFaify, S., Abutalib, M.M. and Muhammad, S. (2016) Facile synthesis of lead iodide nanostructures by microwave irradiation technique and their structural, morphological, photoluminescence and dielectric studies. Journal of Molecular Structure, 1110, 83-90.
  • Park, K., Kim, H. and Hakeem, D.A. (2016) Photoluminescence properties of Eu3+-and Tb3+-doped YAlO3 phosphors for white LED applications. Ceramics International, 42, 10526-10530.
  • Lee, S., Park, Y., Pradhan, D. and Sohn, Y. (2016) AgX (X = Cl, Br, I)/BiOX nanoplates and microspheres for pure and mixed (methyl orange, rhodamine B and methylene blue) dyes. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 35, 231-252.
  • Jo, E.-J., Mun, H. and Kim, M.-G. (2016) Homogeneous Immunosensor Based on Luminescence Resonance Energy Transfer for Glycated Hemoglobin Detection Using Upconversion Nanoparticles. Anal. Chem., 88, 2742-2746.
  • Jang, H., C.L., Gi-Eun Nam, Bo Quan, Hyuck Jae Choi, Jung Sun Yoo, Yuanzhe Piao. (2016) In vivo magnetic resonance and fluorescence dual imaging of tumor sites by using dye-doped silica-coated iron oxide nanoparticles. Journal of Nanoparticle Research.
  • Elabd, A.A. and Attia, M.S. (2016) Spectroflourimetric assessment of UO22+ by the quenching of the fluorescence intensity of Clopidogrel embedded in PMMA matrix. Journal of Luminescence, 169, Part A, 313-318.
  • Choi, Y.I., Lee, S., Kim, S.K., Kim, Y.-I., Cho, D.W., Khan, M.M. and Sohn, Y. (2016) Fabrication of ZnO, ZnS, Ag-ZnS, and Au-ZnS microspheres for photocatalytic activities, CO oxidation and 2-hydroxyterephthalic acid synthesis. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 675, 46-56.
  • Choi, Y.I., Jeon, K.H., Kim, H.S., Lee, J.H., Park, S.J., Roh, J.E., Khan, M.M. and Sohn, Y. (2016) TiO2/BiOX (X = Cl, Br, I) hybrid microspheres for artificial waste water and real sample treatment under visible light irradiation. Separation and Purification Technology, 160, 28-42.
  • Bharat, L.K., Jeon, Y.I. and Yu, J.S. (2016) Citrate-based sol-gel synthesis and luminescent properties of Y6WO12:Eu3+, Dy3+ phosphors for solid-state lighting applications. Ceramics International, 42, 5677-5685.
  • Bardajee, G.R. and Hooshyar, Z. (2016) Probing the interaction of a new synthesized CdTe quantum dots with human serum albumin and bovine serum albumin by spectroscopic methods. Materials Science and Engineering: C, 62, 806-815.
  • Zhu, Y., Cai, Y., Xu, L., Zheng, L., Wang, L., Qi, B. and Xu, C. (2015) Building An Aptamer/Graphene Oxide FRET Biosensor for One-Step Detection of Bisphenol A.  ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 7, 7492-7496.
  • Zhang, B., Ge, C., Yao, J., Liu, Y., Xie, H. and Fang, J. (2015) Selective Selenol Fluorescent Probes: Design, Synthesis, Structural Determinants, and Biological Applications. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 137, 757-769.
  • Yoon, H.J., Choi, Y.I., Jang, E.-S. and Sohn, Y. (2015) Graphene, charcoal, ZnO, and ZnS/BiOX (X = Cl, Br, and I) hybrid microspheres for photocatalytic simulated real mixed dye treatments. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 32, 137-152.
  • Wang, F.-H., Cheng, C.-W., Duan, L.-C., Lei, W., Xia, M.-Z. and Wang, F.-Y. (2015) Highly selective fluorescent sensor for Hg2+ ion based on a novel rhodamine B derivative. Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 206, 679-683.
  • Wang, F.-H., Jiang, W., Fang, Y. and Cheng, C.-W. (2015) Preparation of Fe3O4 magnetic porous microspheres (MPMs) and their application in treating mercury-containing wastewater from the polyvinyl chloride industry by calcium carbide method. Chemical Engineering Journal, 259, 827-836.
  • Wang, M., Zhou, C., Chen, J., Xiao, Y. and Du, J. (2015) Multifunctional Biocompatible and Biodegradable Folic Acid Conjugated Poly(å-caprolactone)-Polypeptide Copolymer Vesicles with Excellent Antibacterial Activities. Bioconjugate Chem., 26, 725-734.
  • Qin, J., Liu, Q., Zhang, J., Chen, J., Chen, S., Zhao, Y. and Du, J. (2015) Rationally Separating the Corona and Membrane Functions of Polymer Vesicles for Enhanced T2 MRI and Drug Delivery. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 7, 14043-14052.
  • Liu, Q., Chen, S., Chen, J. and Du, J. (2015) An Asymmetrical Polymer Vesicle Strategy for Significantly Improving T1 MRI Sensitivity and Cancer-Targeted Drug Delivery. Macromolecules, 48, 739-749.
  • Liang, X., Gao, J., Jiang, L., Luo, J., Jing, L., Li, X., Jin, Y. and Dai, Z. (2015) Nanohybrid Liposomal Cerasomes with Good Physiological Stability and Rapid Temperature Responsiveness for High Intensity Focused Ultrasound Triggered Local Chemotherapy of Cancer. ACS Nano, 9, 1280-1293.
  • Lee, S., Jang, S., Kang, J.-G. and Sohn, Y. (2015) Luminescent Eu(III) and Tb(III) activator ions in La(OH)3 and La2O3 nanowire matrices. Materials Science and Engineering: B, 201, 35-44.
  • Kwak, B.S. and Kang, M. (2015) Photocatalytic reduction of CO2 with H2O using perovskite CaxTiyO3. Applied Surface Science, 337, 138-144.
  • Kim, W.J., Lee, S.W. and Sohn, Y. (2015) Metallic Sn spheres and SnO2@C core-shells by anaerobic and aerobic catalytic ethanol and CO oxidation reactions over SnO2 nanoparticles. Sci Rep, 5, 13448.
  • Kim, H.Y., Im, H.G. and Chang, S.-K. (2015) Colorimetric and fluorogenic signaling of fluoride ions by thiophosphinated dichlorofluorescein. Dyes and Pigments, 112, 170-175.
  • Jin, Y., Ma, X., Feng, S., Liang, X., Dai, Z., Tian, J. and Yue, X. (2015) Hyaluronic Acid Modified Tantalum Oxide Nanoparticles Conjugating Doxorubicin for Targeted Cancer Theranostics. Bioconjugate Chem., 26, 2530-2541.
  • Jeong, J., Cho, H.-J., Choi, M., Lee, W.S., Chung, B.H. and Lee, J.-S. (2015) In vivo toxicity assessment of angiogenesis and the live distribution of nano-graphene oxide and its PEGylated derivatives using the developing zebrafish embryo. Carbon, 93, 431-440.
  • Farahani, B.V., Bardajee, G.R., Rajabi, F.H. and Hooshyar, Z. (2015) Study on the interaction of Co (III) DiAmsar with serum albumins: Spectroscopic and molecular docking methods. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 135, 410-416.
  • Elabd, A.A. and Attia, M.S. (2015) A new thin film optical sensor for assessment of based on the fluorescence quenching of Trimetazidine doped in sol gel matrix. Journal of Luminescence, 165, 179-184.
  • Choi, Y.J., Hwang, D., Chung, H., Kim, D.Y. and Kim, D. (2015) Controlling the spatial distribution of quantum dots in nanofiber for light-harvesting devices. Journal of Applied Spectroscopy, 76.
  • Choi, Y.I., Jung, H.J., Shin, W.G. and Sohn, Y. (2015) Band gap-engineered ZnO and Ag/ZnO by ball-milling method and their photocatalytic and Fenton-like photocatalytic activities. Applied Surface Science, 356, 615-625.
  • Choi, Y.I., Yoon, Y., Kang, J.-G. and Sohn, Y. (2015) Photoluminescence imaging of Eu(III) and Tb(III)-embedded SiO2 nanostructures. Journal of Luminescence, 158, 27-31.
  • Choi, H.-J., Seok, S.-H., Kim, Y.-J., Seo, M.-D. and Kim, Y.-S. (2015) Crystal structures of immunoglobulin Fc heterodimers reveal the molecular basis for heterodimer formation. Molecular Immunology, 65, 377-383.
  • Cho, I., Kang, J.-G. and Sohn, Y. (2015) Photoluminescence profile imaging of Eu(III), Tb(III) and Eu(III)/Tb(III)-doped yttrium oxide nanosheets and nanorods. Journal of Luminescence, 157, 264-274.
  • Chen, J., Li, B.Q., Cui, Y.Q., Yu, E. and Zhai, H.L. (2015) A fast and effective method of quantitative analysis of VB1, VB2 and VB6 in B-vitamins complex tablets based on three-dimensional fluorescence spectra. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 41, 122-128.
  • Zhang, J., Li, Y., Fang, X., Zhou, D., Wang, Y. and Chen, M. (2014) TPGS-g-PLGA/Pluronic F68 mixed micelles for tanshinone IIA delivery in cancer therapy. International Journal of Pharmaceutics, 476, 185-198.
  • Sorokin, A.V., Zabolotskii, A.A., Pereverzev, N.V., Yefimova, S.L., Malyukin, Y.V. and Plekhanov, A.I. (2014) Plasmon Controlled Exciton Fluorescence of Molecular Aggregates. J. Phys. Chem. C, 118, 7599-7605.
  • Sohn, Y. (2014) Photoluminescence imaging of EuBO3, TbBO3, Eu(III)-BOx, and Tb(III)-BOx nanostructures. Ceramics International, 40, 2467-2475.
  • Sohn, Y. (2014) Structural and spectroscopic characteristics of terbium hydroxide/oxide nanorods and plates. Ceramics International, 40, 13803-13811.
  • Shin, W.G., Park, M., Kim, J., Joo, S.W., Cho, I. and Sohn, Y. (2014) Photoluminescence imaging of Eu(III) doped Y2O3 nanorods on a Si substrate deposited by an electrospray technique. Thin Solid Films, 565, 293-299.
  • Rezanejade Bardajee, G., Hooshyar, Z. and Mizani, F. (2014) Improving optical properties of CdTe quantum dots by a new multidentae biopolymer based on salep. Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, 19, 89-94.
  • Rezanejade Bardajee, G., Hooshyar, Z. and Khanjari, M. (2014) Dye fluorescence quenching by newly synthesized silver nanoparticles. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, 276, 113-121.
  • Park, C.G., Kim, M.J., Park, M., Choi, S.Y., Lee, S.H., Lee, J.E., Shin, G.-S., Park, K.H. and Choy, Y.B. (2014) Nanostructured mucoadhesive microparticles for enhanced preocular retention. Acta Biomaterialia, 10, 77–86.
  • Pandey, S., Garg, P., Lee, S., Choung, H.-W., Choung, Y.-H., Choung, P.-H. and Chung, J.H. (2014) Nucleotide biosynthesis arrest by silencing SHMT1 function via vitamin B6-coupled vector and effects on tumor growth inhibition. Biomaterials, 35, 9332-9342.
  • Nurunnabi, M., Khatun, Z., Reeck, G.R., Lee, D.Y. and Lee, Y.-k. (2014) Photoluminescent Graphene Nanoparticles for Cancer Phototherapy and Imaging. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 6, 12413-12421.
  • Na, Y., Kim, Y.-I., Won Cho, D., Pradhan, D. and Sohn, Y. (2014) Adsorption/photocatalytic performances of hierarchical flowerlike BiOBrxCl1-x nanostructures for methyl orange, Rhodamine B and methylene blue. Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, 27, 181-190.
  • Liu, Q., Chen, J. and Du, J. (2014) Asymmetrical Polymer Vesicles with a “Stealthy” Outer Corona and an Endosomal-Escape-Accelerating Inner Corona for Efficient Intracellular Anticancer Drug Delivery. Biomacromolecules, 15, 3072-3082.
  • Kundu, J. and Pradhan, D. (2014) Controlled Synthesis and Catalytic Activity of Copper Sulfide Nanostructured Assemblies with Different Morphologies. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 6, 1823-1834.
  • Kim, M.-J., Choi, Y.I., Joo, S.W., Kang, M. and Sohn, Y. (2014) Synthesis of Er and Yb-doped cubic and hexagonal phase ZnSe nano-assembled microspheres and their photocatalytic activities. Ceramics International, 40, 16051-16059.
  • Kim, W.J., Gwag, J.S., Kang, J.-G. and Sohn, Y. (2014) Photoluminescence imaging of Eu(III), Eu(III)/Ag, Eu(III)/Tb(III), and Eu(III)/Tb(III)/Ag-doped Gd(OH)3 and Gd2O3 nanorods. Ceramics International, 40, 12035-12044.
  • Kim, W.J., Pradhan, D., Min, B.-K. and Sohn, Y. (2014) Adsorption/photocatalytic activity and fundamental natures of BiOCl and BiOClxI1-x prepared in water and ethylene glycol environments, and Ag and Au-doping effects. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 147, 711-725.
  • Kim, L.-J., Jang, J.-W. and Park, J.-W. (2014) Nano TiO2-functionalized magnetic-cored dendrimer as a photocatalyst. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 147, 973-979.
  • Kang, J.-G., Jung, Y., Min, B.-K. and Sohn, Y. (2014) Full characterization of Eu(OH)3 and Eu2O3 nanorods. Applied Surface Science, 314, 158-165.
  • Erdogmus, E. and E. Korkmaz, V.E.K. (2014) Luminescence of a Novel Near-UV Emitting Phosphor BaB8O13:Pb2+. Journal of Applied Spectroscopy, 80, 945-949.
  • Erdogmus, E. and Korkmaz, E. (2014) Photoluminescence properties and effects of dopant concentration in Bi2ZnB2O7:Tb3+ phosphor. Optik – International Journal for Light and Electron Optics, 125, 4098-4101.
  • Choi, J., Kwen, H.D., Kim, Y.S., Choi, S.H. and Lee, S. (2014) r-ray synthesis and size characterization of CdS quantum dot (QD) particles using flow and sedimentation field-flow fractionation (FFF). Microchemical Journal, 117, 34-39.
  • Bardajee, G.R., Hooshyar, Z., Shafagh, P., Ghiasvand, S. and Kakavand, N. (2014) Combined spectroscopic and molecular docking techniques to study interaction of Zn (II) DiAmsar with serum albumins. Journal of Luminescence, 156, 55-62.
  • Ahme, H., Lee, M., Im, C. and Wurfel, U. (2014) Influence of the Acceptor on Electrical Performance and Charge Carrier Transport in Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cells with HXS-1. J. Phys. Chem. C, 118, 3386-3392.
  • Toncelli, C., Pino-Pinto, J.P., Sano, N., Picchioni, F., Broekhuis, A.A., Nishide, H. and Moreno-Villoslada, I. (2013) Controlling the aggregation of 5,10,15,20-tetrakis-(4-sulfonatophenyl)-porphyrin by the use of polycations derived from polyketones bearing charged aromatic groups. Dyes and Pigments, 98, 51-63.
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